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The superior court, Georgia’s general jurisdiction trial court, has exclusive, constitutional authority to preside over felony cases and cases regarding title to land, divorce and equity. Their exclusive jurisdiction also covers such matters as declaratory judgments, habeas corpus, mandamus, quo warranto and prohibition. The superior court corrects errors made by lower courts by issuing writs of certiorari; for some lower courts, the right to direct review by the superior court applies.
Superior courts are organized into 49 judicial circuits varying in size and population, as well as in the number of judges serving them. Each county has its own superior court, though judges may serve in more than one county. Numbers of superior court judges per circuit range from two judges in each of 21 circuits to 15 judges authorized for the Atlanta Judicial Circuit. A chief judge handles the administrative tasks for each circuit.
The superior courts are also grouped into 10 judicial administrative districts. An administrative judge and a District Court Administrator serve in each district. Administrative judges have statutory authority to use caseload data and other information for management purposes and to assign superior court judges, with their approval, to serve temporarily in other counties and circuits as needed. Trial Court Administrators serve certain courts in larger jurisdictions.
The Rome Circuit, a single county circuit, has the same boundaries as Floyd County and is within the 7th Judicial Administrative District . The Rome circuit serves more than 90,000 people in a 519 square mile area.
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